Left, Mainz blade by Jeff Hedgecock, hilt by Mike Cope, scabbards by Tom Kolb with embossed plates by Joe Piela.
Second from left, Fulham gladius made from quama blade and scratch-built scabbard by Greg Fabic.
The tip is peened flat over a washer or small stud.
The pommel and guard were sanded and oiled, and a brass plate set into the bottom of the guard.The terminal on the chape is a brass knob from an old porch lamp!Note that the baldric ends are not stitched, but simply laced with a short thong.Recent studies have shown, however, that the Mainz type was not in use that early, and apparently has no direct connection to the Spanish weapon (and fewer similarities than it may seem at first glance).Instead, a growing number of excavated blades shows that the gladius Hispaniensis was about 24" to almost 27" long (not including tang), and 1-3/4" to 2-1/4" wide.
Walnut is popular for its attractive contrast with the bone grip, and is certainly permitted, but lighter woods should NOT be stained.