Original newspaper articles dating during 1944
The surrender ceremony was repeated in Berlin on 8 May, where the instrument of surrender was signed by supreme German military commander Wilhelm Keitel, by Georgy Zhukov and Allied representatives.Since the Soviet Union was to the east of Germany, it was 9 May Moscow time when the German military surrender became effective, which is why Russia and most of the former Soviet republics commemorate Victory Day on 9 May instead of 8 May.The first plan to receive consideration of Congress was one in 1836.Others followed, some of them having a short route to the rich Orient as the primary objective rather than being aimed at the development of the West.In taking over the office of president on December 11, 1941, four days after the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor, President A. Mercier issued a message to Southern Pacific men and women saying that "our first duty is to our government in the war," and added: "The job is being tackled by all hands in the traditional spirit that built our western link of America's transcontinental railroad — the same spirit that has since won through in every crisis of flood, storm and disaster. With the return of peace, President Mercier has pledged that "all our resources of manpower and physical facilities will again be turned to furthering development of the area served by our lines and to provide progressive, friendly service to our customers." This booklet presents in concise form the history of Southern Pacific from its founding through World War II.It is published by the Southern Pacific Bureau of News, 65 Market Street, San Francisco, and is a revision of the "75 Years of Progress" articles which first appeared in the Southern Pacific "Bulletin" during 1944.The original unit of the transportation system that today comprises more than 15,000 miles of rail lines in this country and Mexico, was built from Sacramento 690 miles over the Sierra Nevada Mountains and across Nevada to meet the Union Pacific at Promontory, Utah, where the Last Spike was driven on May 10, 1869.
The story of the early beginnings of this great railroad project is the story of the West, the saga of individual initiative and courage that spanned a nation with bands of iron rail and nurtured the development of today's western empire.Princess Elizabeth (the future Queen Elizabeth II) and her sister Princess Margaret were allowed to wander incognito among the crowds and take part in the celebrations.As the Soviet representative in Reims had no authority to sign the German instrument of surrender, the Soviet leadership proposed to consider Reims surrender as a "preliminary" act.Victory in Europe Day, generally known as V-E Day, VE Day or simply V Day, was the public holiday celebrated on to mark the formal acceptance by the Allies of World War II of Nazi Germany's unconditional surrender of its armed forces.The formal surrender of the German forces occupying the Channel Islands did not occur until the following day, . The term VE Day existed as early as September 1944, in anticipation of victory.