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One of the six Dutch towns established in the 17th Century in what is now Brooklyn was called "Nieuw Amersfoort" (New Amersfoort).However, unlike other Dutch names which were retained up to the present, Nieuw Amersfoort is now called "Flatlands".This story embarrassed the inhabitants, and they buried the boulder in the city in 1672, but after it was found again in 1903 it was placed in a prominent spot as a monument.There are not many boulders in the Netherlands, so it can be regarded as an icon.The Onze-Lieve-Vrouwentoren (Tower of Our Lady) is one of the tallest medieval church towers in the Netherlands at 98 metres (322 ft).The construction of the tower and the church was started in 1444.
In August 2017, the municipality had a population of 155,089, making it the second-largest of the province and fifteenth-largest of the country.
The church was destroyed by an explosion in 1787, but the tower survived, and the layout of the church still can be discerned today through the use of different types of stone in the pavement of the open space that was created.
It is now the reference point of the RD coordinate system, the coordinate grid used by the Dutch topographical service: the RD coordinates are (155.000, 463.000).
It was granted city rights in 1259 by the bishop of Utrecht, Henry I van Vianden.
A first defensive wall, made out of brick, was finished around 1300.
In the Middle Ages, Amersfoort was an important centre for the textile industry, and there were a large number of breweries.