Biosocial theory invalidating environment
An invalidating environment is one in which communication of private experiences is met by erratic, inappropriate, and extreme responses.
In other words, private experiences are invalidated. The environment disregards the experience of painful emotions.
Family members of BPD individuals often feel that they are “walking on eggs” because BPD individuals are so emotionally sensitive and tend to over-react.
Emotional intensity means that emotions are extreme and difficult to regulate.
Neither are the factors related to expressed emotion appreciated.
“Slow return to emotional baseline” means that emotional reactions are long lasting.They have a very high sensitivity to stimuli – even small things set them off. And when emotionally aroused, they take longer to return to a baseline level of emotion. The more emotionally vulnerable a person is the more they need to be able to regulate emotion effectively.BPD individuals tend to regulate emotions by either shutting down (avoiding emotions) or escape (intense overreaction).• Experience emotions without escalating or blunting.Inhibition of negative emotions serves to increase emotional avoidance. Self-soothing is critical to tolerating intense emotions.